Be aware of yours and other’s risk for heat stroke, heat exhaustion, heat cramps and fainting.
- Drink a glass of fluid every 15 to 20 minutes and at least one gallon each day.
*Avoid alcohol and caffeine. They both dehydrate the body.
- Wear light-colored, loose-fitting clothing.
- Take frequent cool showers or baths.
- If you feel dizzy, weak, or overheated, go to a cool place. Sit or lie down, drink water, and wash your face with cool water. If you don’t feel better soon, get medical help quickly.
- Work during cooler hours of the day when possible, or distribute the work load evenly throughout the day.
Heat stroke is the most serious heat illness. It happens when the body can’t control its own temperature and its temp rises rapidly. Sweating fails ad the body cannot cool down. Body temperature may rise to 106 degrees F or higher within 10 to 15 minutes. Heat stroke can cause death or permanent disability if emergency care is not given.
Warning signs of heat stroke vary but can include:
- Red, hot and dry skin (no sweating)
- Rapid, strong pulse
- Throbbing headache
- Dizziness, nausea, confusion, or unconsciousness
- An extremely high body temperature (above 103 degrees F.)
If you suspect someone has heat stroke, follow these instructions.
- Immediately call for medical attention.
- Get the person to a cooler area.
- Cool the person rapidly by immersing him/her in cool water or a cool shower, or by spraying cool water on the individual.
- Monitor body temperature and continue cooling efforts until the body temperature drops to 101 – 102 degrees.
- Do not give the person alcohol to drink.
- If emergency medical personnel do not arrive quickly, call the hospital ER for further assistance.